Background[ edit ] The United States is among the most punitive nations in the world when it comes to denying the vote to those who have been convicted of a felony offense. It is up to the states to decide which crimes could be grounds for disenfranchisement, and they are not formally bound to restrict this to felonies; however, in most cases, they do. Between and twenty-eight states changed their laws on felon voting rights, mostly to restore rights or to simplify the process of restoration.
Assault, specifically if the incident causes severe bodily harm Theft, specifically if the amount stolen reaches a certain monetary threshold Most states punish those convicted of lesser crimes with things like community service, fines, and jail time under a year, but felonies receive much harsher punishments.
It isnt rare for a felony to include several years in prison, a large fine, or both. In addition, you may be ordered by the court to pay what is known as restitution.
Restitution is when someone convicted of a crime must financially compensate a victim or a victims family.
Finally, if state law allows for it and the crime is especially serious, there is the possibility that you could receive the death penalty as a result of a felony conviction.
Probation and Parole Depending on the type of felony you commit, as well as a number of other factors including your past criminal history, you and your criminal defense attorney may be able to reduce your punishment.
Specifically, you could may be eligible for probation. Probation is the suspension of jail time. Sometimes an individual must serve some sort of a prison term before being put on probation, but other times a convicted felon may be able to seek probation in place of any jail time.
Probation, however, does not mean you are completely free.
There are certain conditions you must meet, such as maintaining a job and getting counseling. In addition, any violation of the terms of your probation could result in severe penalties, such as imprisonment. For those sentenced to prison after a felony conviction, parole is another possibility.
Parole is the conditional release of a convicted criminal before the full prison sentence has been served. In some ways, parole is similar to probation. You must adhere to a strict set of conditions. Parolees-those on parole-must check in with a parole officer on regular basis, often weekly.
A violation of these terms will send the parolee back to prison. Appealing a Felony Conviction Appealing to a higher court is an option if you are faced with a felony conviction. However, appealing a criminal conviction can be very difficult to do.
When making an appealyou and your criminal defense attorney will have to show that some mistake was made in the criminal justice process during the initial trial. If you are interested in learning more about appealing a criminal conviction, you should speak to a criminal law lawyer.
Expunging a Felony Conviction A felony stays on your record forever. This can have far-reaching consequences, such as limiting your employment opportunities.
That is why some choose to try to scrub their criminal records in a process known as expungement. Expungement is when a criminal record is destroyed, making it as if the criminal conviction never happened.
There are strict rules surrounding expungement. These rules are established by the state. In some jurisdictions, no one found guilty of a felony can expunge their criminal records.Restoring the vote to those convicted of a felony sentence is not just the right thing to do, it’s good social science Restoring the vote to those convicted of a felony sentence is not just the right thing to do, it’s good social science.
The term felony, in some common law countries, is defined as a serious ashio-midori.com word originates from English common law (from the French medieval word "félonie"), where felonies were originally crimes involving confiscation of a convicted person's land and goods.
In September, a different jury that had heard the Banda case announced that it was deadlocked on the felony charges, but convicted him on misdemeanor counts of vandalism, battery and driving.
For those sentenced to prison after a felony conviction, parole is another possibility. Parole is the conditional release of a convicted criminal before the full prison sentence has been served. In some ways, parole is similar to probation.
Convicted felons lose many of the civil rights afforded to Americans without a felony on their record. As always, the answer depends on which state the felon lives in. However, there are trends and general losses of privilege that exist throughout the country.
There are multiple versions of this section, please select which one you would like to view: [Effective Until 10/31/] Sanction imposed by degree of felony.