His motivation had political and economical roots. He had envisioned a transcontinental railroad crossing the country west to east with Illinois, his state, as the eastern terminal. He needed the support of the south.
Following the Compromise ofwhich left extremists of North and South without grounds for anti- and proslavery agitation, most Americans proclaimed an end—"a finality"—to the conflict over the extension of slavery.
Reality was somewhat more troubling. There was never a majority in Congress in that favored a comprehensive settlement of the slavery extension issue. Both the Whig and Democratic parties suffered from sharp internal differences over the meaning of the Compromise.
By the presidential election, the two-party system was fragmented and weakened. The Democrats won a convincing victory in the electoral collegeessentially ending the political viability of the Whig Party; but Franklin Piercethe newly elected president, won the popular vote by only 1.
More ominously, as measured against the number of eligible voters, turnout sank to its lowest level since Pierce quickly proved himself to be an inept president, unable to resuscitate Democratic unity. In the absence of effective political leadership, Senator Stephen A. To that end, his Kansas Nebraska bill, which sought to organize the lands west of Iowa and Missouri, combined the ideas of westward expansion, internal improvements including a transcontinental railroadand popular sovereignty.
Popular sovereignty meant that people living in the territories could determine if their territory would allow the presence of slaves or whether the area would be reserved for free labor. Douglas was excoriated by Northerners for repealing this ban on slavery extension.
But, joined as it was to the repeal of the Missouri Compromisepopular sovereignty, in the eyes of Northern Democrats and Whigs, was not a reaffirmation of Democratic principles but a provocative and hostile initiative that increased the power of slavery.
Worse, although the people of Kansas were free to regulate their domestic institutions in their own way, the act failed to state when citizens could decide the status of slavery in their territory.
This contributed to a real sense of urgency, on the part of both Northerners and Southerners, to settle the territory with "right-minded settlers" and thus seize political control of it. Subsequent to the act, widespread voting irregularities in Kansas gave way to armed conflict between free- and slave-state settlers.
Rival governments were established at Topeka free and Lecompton proslavery. Politically it destroyed the ascendancy of the Democrats in the North: The effect, not the intent, of the act was to upset the balance of power within the Democratic Party and thus weaken a powerful voice of nationalism in a period of growing sectional animosity.
The act also contributed to the end of the Whig Party and to the rise of the Republican Party, which based its appeal on repealing the Kansas Nebraska act and halting the spread of slavery unleashed by that act.
The extension of slavery proved to be a major cause of the outbreak of war in Oxford University Press, The role of Kansas-Nebraska Act in the history of the United States of America.
David Wilmot, whose name is associated with the Wilmot Proviso, was born Bethany, Pennsylvania, in and took up the practice of law in ashio-midori.com served as as a Democratic member of Congress from to The Kansas-Nebraska Bill of undid previous legislation that limited the expansion of slavery, such as the Missouri Compromise of and the Compromise of The Kansas–Nebraska Act of (10 Stat.
) created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and was drafted by Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois and President Franklin ashio-midori.com initial purpose of the Kansas–Nebraska Act was to open up thousands of new farms and make feasible a Midwestern Transcontinental ashio-midori.com popular sovereignty clause of the law led pro- and.
Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States. It was a time of great pain and endless questions. On what terms would the Confederacy be allowed back into the Union? Who would establish the terms, Congress or the President?
The Kansas – Nebraska Act of shattered whatever peace was gained by the Compromise of In addition to organizing the U.S. Territories of Kansas and Nebraska, the act attempted to deal with the extension of slavery into this region by allowing the settlers in each territory to decide the question for themselves.