Without them the story may never be told.
Writing the news story - clear writing In this chapter we build on the lessons learned when writing the intro and in Chapter 6: Writing the news story in simple steps. We examine how to use language to guide your reader or listener through the information in a clear and entertaining way.
If you wish to do the job well, you must also think about the way in which you write it. There are a number of things which you need to keep in mind if you are going to write clearly.
Simplicity Keep the language and grammar clear and simple. This is not just a rule for intro writing - it applies throughout the whole news story. A lot of young journalists write bright, snappy intros with simple grammar and short words, then spoil the story by overloading the rest with long and obscure words and complicated grammatical constructions.
We will discuss this in greater detail in the chapters on Language and Style. For now, remember that the same factors which make a good intro also apply to the whole of the story Another way in which we help to keep things simple for our readers or listeners is by writing paragraphs of one or two sentences.
You may have been told in writing essays that you only start a new paragraph for a new idea. This does not apply in journalism, where we try to get lots of ideas into a short space in a newspaper or short bulletin on radio or television. It is standard practice in news journalism to start a new paragraph with each sentence.
We call each of these short paragraphs a par. You should get used to this term.
The great advantage of having short pars in radio scripts is that the newsreaders have no trouble keeping track of where they are on the page. When they finish one sentence, their eyes automatically move to the beginning of the next par.
In newspapers, short paragraphs introduce white space on to the page, at the beginning and end of each par, which makes the story more readable. It also makes the story easier to cut, if it is too long to fit on the page. Accuracy We have already mentioned that accuracy is one of the principal requirements of journalism.
You may have to generalise in your intro to keep it short and simple. However, you must be accurate and precise when giving the full details later in the story.
In our cyclone story in Chapter 6, we said in the intro that Cyclone Victor hit the Solomon Islands, causing death and damage. In the body of the news story we explained that this happened mainly in Honiara, how strong the winds had been and at what time the cyclone struck.
All of these precise details help our audience to understand and add authority to our report. Certainly this is the best method to use for the intro and the first few paragraphs. However, with a long and involved story you will find that jumping from key point to key point may confuse your reader or listener.
You will have to put your facts in a logical sequence and provide continuity between different segments of the story.
Telling the story in chronological order will do this for some kinds of events, such as thecyclone or a rescue, but it will not work for all stories - for example an election campaign or a debate over where to build a new school.
These need a slightly different approach once you have written your intro and principal key points.Five Building Blocks for the Backgrounder By B2B Tech Writer | Resources | Comments are Closed 26 January, | 1 As its name implies, a backgrounder is a document that provides the reader with background information on an organization, place, product or issue.
(At this point, the backgrounder delves into the important details of the situation. Use this sample to discern the format of these details.) This group often enters into routine actions or situations to perform an action within the community. In a news article, you would typically put the most critical information in the early paragraphs and follow with supporting information, background information, and related information.
You do not put a list of sources at the end of a news story. For example, if you were writing a paper on mass transit in Seattle, it would be relevant to look at the history of mass transit more broadly along with the experiences of other cities. Your job will be to balance the specific information you provide about your narrowed topic and the broader background .
The backgrounder gives the press or other interested parties a more detailed background of an issue, event, person of interest or launch. How to write a backgrounder is a skill that many freelance writers and PR writers should know. Use a Template to Create a Newspaper Step.
Type "Newsletters" or another search term in the Search Office Templates box. Step. Click on a template to view a description of the template.