Conservative, rigid and structured, unless the danger of failure requires a more flexible attitude. People are expressive, and are allowed to show anger or emotions, if necessary. Be clear and concise about expectations and goals, and set clearly defined parameters.
Between andhe executed a large survey study regarding national values differences across the worldwide subsidiaries of this multinational corporation: He first focused his research on the 40 largest countries, and then extended it to 50 countries and 3 regions, "at that time Hofstede analysis the largest matched-sample cross-national database available anywhere.
As Hofstede explains on his academic website,  these dimensions regard "four anthropological problem areas that different national societies handle differently: In he published Culture's Consequences,  a book which combines the statistical analysis from the survey research with his personal experiences.
In order to confirm the early results from the IBM study and to extend them to a variety of populations, six subsequent cross-national studies have successfully been conducted between and Covering between 14 and 28 countries, the samples included commercial airline pilots, students, civil service managers, 'up-market' consumers and 'elites'.
The combined research established value scores on the four dimensions for a total of 76 countries and regions. In Michael Harris Bond and colleagues conducted a study among students in 23 countries, using a survey instrument developed with Chinese employees and managers.
The results from this study led Hofstede to add a new fifth dimension to his model: In the scores for this dimension have been extended to 93 countries thanks to the research of Michael Minkov who used the recent World Values Survey.
Finally, Minkov's World Values Survey data analysis of 93 representative samples of national populations also led Geert Hofstede to identify a sixth last dimension: A higher degree of the Index indicates that hierarchy is clearly established and executed in society, without doubt or reason.
A lower degree of the Index signifies that people question authority and attempt to distribute power. These in-groups are laced with undoubted loyalty and support each other when a conflict arises with another in-group.
Societies that score a high degree in this index opt for stiff codes of behavior, guidelines, laws, and generally rely on absolute truth, or the belief that one lone truth dictates everything and people know what it is. A lower degree in this index shows more acceptance of differing thoughts or ideas.
Society tends to impose fewer regulations, ambiguity is more accustomed to, and the environment is more free-flowing. In feminine societies, they share modest and caring views equally with men.
In more masculine societies, women are somewhat assertive and competitive, but notably less than men. In other words, they still recognize a gap between male and female values.
This dimension is frequently viewed as taboo in highly masculine societies. A lower degree of this index short-term indicates that traditions are honored and kept, while steadfastness is valued.
Societies with a high degree in this index long-term views adaptation and circumstantial, pragmatic problem-solving as a necessity. A poor country that is short-term oriented usually has little to no economic development, while long-term oriented countries continue to develop to a point.
This dimension is essentially a measure of happiness; whether or not simple joys are fulfilled.
On the other hand, Anglo and Germanic countries have a lower power distance only 11 for Austria and 18 for Denmark. For example, the United States has a 40 on the cultural scale of Hofstede's analysis.
Compared to Guatemala where the power distance is very high 95 and Israel where it is very low 13the United States is in the middle. Germany scores a high UAI 65 and Belgium even more 94 compared to Sweden 29 or Denmark 23 despite their geographic proximity.
However, few countries have very low UAI. Masculinity is extremely low in Nordic countries: Norway scores 8 and Sweden only 5.
In contrast, Masculinity is very high in Japan 95and in European countries like Hungary, Austria and Switzerland influenced by German culture.
In the Anglo world, masculinity scores are relatively high with 66 for the United Kingdom for example. Latin countries present contrasting scores: However, there are less data about this dimension.
There are even less data about the sixth dimension.The various social sciences operate at different levels of analysis. They find different things, just like the earth looks different from an airplane than it does from a footpath, or through a microscope.
Hofstede cultural dimensions analysis with multinational business management _____France, Britain, Germany, Italy Today, the world economic integration process, the company's multinational operations has become an unstoppable trend. But the Eastern and Western cultures have a huge difference.
Compare countries Please select a country in the dropdown menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. After a first country has been selected, a second and even a third country can be chosen to be able to see a comparison of their scores.
We enable you to solve intercultural and organisational culture challenges by utilising our effective and proven framework based on Geert Hofstede’s work. Germany: Hofstede Analysis Germany- Hofstede Analysis Germany is known for its majestic scenery and terrain. There is incredible chocolate, beer and of course, the unique architecture.
Geert Hofstede's dimensions analysis can assist the business person or traveler in better understanding the intercultural differences within regions and between counties. "Culture is more often a source of conflict than of synergy.