Functionalist view family essay

It socializes children, it provides emotional and practical support for its members, it helps regulate sexual activity and sexual reproduction, and it provides its members with a social identity. Conflict theory The family contributes to social inequality by reinforcing economic inequality and by reinforcing patriarchy. Family problems stem from economic inequality and from patriarchal ideology.

Functionalist view family essay

Functionalist view family essay

Introduction to Sociology Date: September 30, Assignment 1 Outline TWO relevant examples of social change in either Jamaica or the Caribbean and discuss the extent to which Marxist and Functionalist arguments help to explain why these changes took place. Additionally, according to the American Sociological Association, it is also referred to as the scientific study of the society including the individualistic behaviors of social beings even widespread to global social processes, social changes, social life and even investigations into the specifics of varying societies or societal advancements.

Functionalist View – Hectic Teacher's A Level Sociology Site

This essay is therefore geared towards recognition of two relevant examples of social change in the Caribbean or in Jamaica to be more definite or precise and to further analyze in full details the capacity in extent in which the Marxist and Functionalist arguments aid in explaining why these changes occurred within the societies.

With regards to social change the evolution of technology and education over a period of time can therefore be established.

Education refers to the social institutions through which society provides its members with important knowledge including facts, skills, and values. Social change is the transformation of culture and social institutions overtime.

Social change occurs as a result of inventions, discovery, and cultural diffusion as well as social conflict. Social change has many causes. And in a world made smaller by sophisticated communication, transportation and technology, change in one place often begets change elsewhere. Functionalism refers to the theoretical approach that sees society as a structure with interrelated parts designed to meet the biological and social needs of an individual that is a part of a particular society.

On the other hand, Marxism is an economic and sociopolitical worldview and method of socioeconomic inquiry that centers upon a materialist interpretation of history, a dialectal view of social change, and a critique of capitalism.


This theory encompasses a revolutionary view, along with others, of social change that has greatly influenced socialist political movements worldwide. Despite their differences, both functionalism and Marxism used a model of how society as a whole works. However, the main differences between the two perspectives then, is the way how they characterize the social structure.

Both the Marxist and functionalist theory experienced undesirable consequences for the operation of the society their dysfunctions. If a man has energy, industry, prudence and foresight, he may win his way to great wealth.

Functionalists view the family as a nuclear family structure, i.e. a mother, father and 1 or 2 children. Murdock surveyed societies from the small hunting tribes to the large industrialised societies. He found that in every society there was some form of a nuclear family, he concluded from this. In addition to this, since functionalism is a consensus theory, everyone views the society as fair with everyone having the same norms and values (The Functionalist Perspective). For example, a woman is known to nurture her children in a family. Whereas the functionalist approach might view religion as a positive influence on society, Marx dismissed it as the ''opium to the people''. Marx predicted that this state of affair would be overthrown and that conflict would be removed and replace by communism.

Education is important in society; the structure and processes of education systems are related to the general process of socialization. All sociologists agree with this statement, but different sociologists have many views about how societies are structured, they have different views about the role of education in society.

In the past, only persons of the privileged few could afford regular access to education. Education was widely segregated. Over time education has been circulated more frequently resulting in more persons,whether privileged or otherwise, having greater access to education.

For the Functionalists, education performs a positive function for all individuals in society and has a powerful influence over it. The education system serves the needs of an industrial society by providing a more advanced division of labor; socializing new generations into societies shared norms and values and, according to meritocratic criteria, allocates roles in.

Education supposedly meets societies through three related economic roles; socialization; allocation and vocational training. Education brings together a mass, and changes them into a united whole which leads to social solidarity.

Parsons believes that education leads to universalistic values and that education performs a link between family and the wider society which in turn leads to secondary socialization.

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Education also allows people to train for their future roles in society.To conclude, Functionalists all agree that the nuclear family is the best to fit societies needs, it offers a positive consensus view, however it ignores women’s positions and ignore how the family feeds capitalism, they also ignore family diversity.

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The Functionalist View of Stratification - Functionalism is a sociological perspective that focuses on the ways in which a complex pattern of social structures and arrangements contributes to social order. Published: Mon, 5 Dec The family has always been regarded as the cornerstone of society.

In pre-modern and modern societies it has been seen as the most basic unit of social organization and one which carries out important functions, such as socializing children.

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