Other economic activity includes the exploitation of natural resources, e.
The reported financial statements for banks are somewhat different from most companies that investors analyze. The primary business of a bank is managing the spread between deposits that it pays consumers and the rate it receives from their loans.
The size of this spread is a major determinant of the profit generated by a bank. Below we'll take a look at an example of how the interest rate spread looks for a large bank.
Most banks provide this type of table in their annual 10K statement. It may appear counterintuitive that the deposits are in red and loans are in green.
Average balances provide a better analytical framework to help understand the bank's financial performance.
The numbers above only tell part of the story. Income Statement Bank of America's income statement is below from their annual 10K for Here are the key areas of focus: Revenue for a bank is different than a company like Apple Inc.
However, a bank operates differently. For example, the volume of residential mortgage loan originations typically declines as interest rates rise, resulting in lower originating fees. In contrast, mortgage-servicing pools often face slower prepayments when rates are rising, since borrowers are less likely to refinance.
As a result, fee income and associated economic value arising from mortgage servicing-related businesses may increase or remain stable in periods of moderately rising interest rates. There are three key areas of focus: Securities are typically short-term investments that the bank earns a yield from that include U.
Treasuries and government agencies.
Loans are the bread and butter for most banks and are usually the largest asset on the balance sheet. Investors monitor loan growth to determine whether a bank is increasing their loans and putting to use the bank's deposits to earn a favorable yield. Both interest bearing and non-interest bearing accounts are included.
Leverage and Risk Banking is a highly- leveraged business requiring regulators to dictate minimal capital levels to help ensure the solvency of each bank and the banking system.
Interest Rate Risk Banks take on financial risk when they lend at interest rates that are different than the rates paid to depositors. Interest rate risk is the management of the spread between interest paid on deposits and received on loans over time.
Deposits are typically short-term investments and adjust to current interest rates faster than the rates on fixed-rate loans. However, the deposit rates don't typically adjust as much as the long-term rates which are used to price loan rates.
As a result, as interest rates rise, banks tend to earn more interest income, but when rates fall, banks are at risk since their interest income declines.
One way banks try to overcome interest rate risk is through fee income for products and services.
As a bank increases its fee income, it becomes less reliant on the interest income from loans, mitigating interest rate risk somewhat. Credit Risk Credit risk is the likelihood that a borrower will default on a loan or lease, causing the bank to lose any potential interest earned as well as the principal that was loaned to the borrower.The new ashio-midori.com makes it easier than ever to find what you need to know about the federal campaign finance process.
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Correction: Highlight Marlin Business Service's 10K Page Fiscal Year Ended December 31, Updated world stock indexes. Get an overview of major world indexes, current values and stock market data. Return to Transcripts main page. CNN Note: This page is continually updated as new transcripts become available.
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