Country house in Essex to which an unnamed young governess, the daughter of a clergyman, is sent to look after two orphaned children whose wealthy uncle lives in London. The large house has two extensive floors, two towers, and grounds that include a pathway to a lake—elements characteristic of residences in gothic stories.
Henry James, age 11, with his father, Henry James Sr.
His father was intelligent, steadfastly congenial, and a lecturer and philosopher who had inherited independent means from his father, an Albany banker and investor.
Mary came from a wealthy family long settled in New York City. Her sister Katherine lived with her adult family for an extended period of time.
His younger sister was Alice. His education was calculated by his father to expose him to many influences, primarily scientific and philosophical; it was described as "extraordinarily haphazard and promiscuous.
Henry studied primarily with tutors and briefly attended schools while the family traveled in Europe. Their longest stays were in France, where Henry began to feel at home and became fluent in French.
He was afflicted with a stutter, which seems to have manifested itself only when he spoke English; in French, he did not stutter. There Henry became a friend of the painter John La Fargewho introduced him to French literature, and in particular, to Balzac.
James later called Balzac his "greatest master," and said that he had learned more about the craft of fiction from him than from anyone else. This injury, which resurfaced at times throughout his life, made him unfit for military service in the American Civil War.
In Henry attended Harvard Law Schoolbut realised that he was not interested in studying law. His first published work was a review of a stage performance, "Miss Maggie Mitchell in Fanchon the Cricket," published in He wrote fiction and non-fiction pieces for The Nation and Atlantic Monthlywhere Fields was editor.
In he published his first novel, Watch and Wardin serial form in the Atlantic Monthly. The novel was later published in book form in Rome impressed him profoundly. When these efforts failed he returned to New York City.
During this early period in his career he was influenced by Hawthorne. There he established relationships with Macmillan and other publishers, who paid for serial installments that they would later publish in book form. Aside from two trips to America, he spent the next three decades—the rest of his life—in Europe.
In England he met the leading figures of politics and culture.
He continued to be a prolific writer, producing The AmericanThe Europeansa revision of Watch and WardFrench Poets and NovelistsHawthorneand several shorter works of fiction. In Daisy Miller established his fame on both sides of the Atlantic.
It drew notice perhaps mostly because it depicted a woman whose behavior is outside the social norms of Europe. He also began his first masterpiece,  The Portrait of a Ladywhich would appear in He was much inspired by the darkly romantic Abbey and the surrounding countryside, which features in his essay Abbeys and Castles.
Their stylistic methods influenced his own work in the years to come. He visited America in —, then returned to London. The period from to was marked by several losses.
His mother died infollowed by his father a few months later, and then by his brother Wilkie. Emerson, an old family friend, died in His friend Turgenev died in Middle years, —[ edit ] In James made another visit to Paris. There he met again with Zola, Daudet, and Goncourt. He had been following the careers of the French "realist" or "naturalist" writers, and was increasingly influenced by them.
Critical reaction and sales were poor. He wrote to Howells that the books had hurt his career rather than helped because they had "reduced the desire, and demand, for my productions to zero".The Turn of the Screw: Theme Analysis, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
A novella written by Henry James, 'The Turn of the Screw' is a ghost story or is it? This lesson will summarize the plot of 'The Turn of the Screw,' discuss the characters, and analyze the.
M.R. James is reputed as having been the originator of the ghost story as a genre, publishing his first story of this type in (Cox xiii), nearly 20 years before the serial-format publication of Henry James’s “Turn of the Screw” (Curtis 7).
Henry James, OM (() 15 April – () 28 February ) was an American author regarded as a key transitional figure between literary realism and literary modernism, and is considered by many to be among the greatest novelists in the English language.
The Character of Mrs. Grose In Henry James’s novella, The Turn of the Screw, the governess observes and describes the housekeeper, Mrs. Grose, as “a stout simple plain clean wholesome woman” (13) within half an hour of meeting her. The governess’s description of Mrs. Grose turns out to be t.
Henry James, OM (() 15 April – () 28 February ) was an American-British author regarded as a key transitional figure between literary realism and literary modernism, and is considered by many to be among the greatest novelists in the English language.