Godred Crovan became the ruler of Dublin and Mann from   and from the early years of the twelfth century the Crovan dynasty asserted themselves and ruled as "Kings of Mann and the Isles" for the next half century. The kingdom was then sundered due to the actions of Somerled whose sons inherited the southern Hebrides while the Manx rulers held on to the "north isles" for another century. Another revolt in was equally unsuccessful. In Dumfries and Galloway the place name evidence is complex and of mixed Gaelic, Norse and Danish influence, the last most likely stemming from contact with the extensive Danish holdings in northern England.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Tutivillus and the "Kyrkchaterars": He is pervasive yet elusive, appearing again and again in drama, sermons, sculpture and art, engaging and amusing in appearance yet deadly earnest in purpose.
In one version, Tutivillus, bearing a large sack on his back, is seen by a holy man. When his superior asks him why he laughed, he answers that he sawa demon busily writing down thewords of two women who were gossiping rather than listening to the sermon.
The women talked somuch that the demon ran out of parchment, and when he attempted to stretch the parchment with his teeth, it ripped, and the demon hit his head on a pillar, which made the cleric laugh.
Perhaps because of its dramatic qualities, this version appears more often in art and sculpture than the sack-bearing version. Margaret Jennings has already written an extensive study of the various versions and recensions of the Tutivillus stories, so I do not want to examine the textual history or distribution of the story here.
Instead, I propose to raise other questions, which Jennings, concerned primarily with establishing the variants and the transmission of the tale, does not address. For example, why are there two distinct versions of this story? How are they linked, other than by the simple coincidence of the demon's name?
Why is the sack-carrying Tutivillus primarily associated withmumbling monks, while the writing Tutivillus is associated with jangling women?
Why is Tutivillus such an attractive figure to writers of exempla and dramatists, and who benefits from the wide distribution [End Page ] of the tale? In other words, how does the figure of Tutivillus work within the discourses of sermon, religious drama, and pastoral care, and what counter-discourses is he deployed against?
Beforewe analyze the differences between the versions, however, we need to consider what they have in common beyond the simple coincidence of the protagonist's antagonist's?
First and foremost, the two versions of the Tutivillus tale share a purpose.
The tales aim to control the audience, to encourage the listeners to respect the church and to refrain from sin. The first mechanism of control is through fear: If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'.
You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:This resource centres around the following question - How useful are these sources to an historian in trying to decide who had the most power in the Middle Ages?
It is perfect as a stand alone lesson resource or as an end of unit assessment. The resource contains - A set of 6 sources relating to the murder of Thomas Becket, the signing of the Magna Carta and the Peasants Revolt of The California Budget & Policy Center is an organization devoted to timely, credible analysis of key policy issues facing California.
This list represents only a tiny fraction of articles available on the New Advent website. For a more complete list, please see the full index for M or use the search box at the top of this page.. Maccabee, Judas - Third son of the priest Mathathias who with his family was the centre and soul of the patriotic and religious revolt of the Jews against the King of Syria (I Mach., ii, 4).
Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. At the start of the Middle Ages, England was a part of Britannia, a former province of the Roman ashio-midori.com local economy had once been dominated by imperial Roman spending on a large military establishment, which in turn helped to support a complex network of towns, roads, and villas.
At the end of the 4th century, however, Roman forces had been largely withdrawn, and this economy collapsed. Breaking news and analysis from ashio-midori.com Politics, world news, photos, video, tech reviews, health, science and entertainment news.